Understanding Parts of a Solar Energy System Overview
individual components required to assemble a solar power system and
produce free electricity from the sun for energy independence.
- 1. Solar Panels which
generate the electricity,
- 2. Charge Controller to
control battery charging,
- 3. The Power Inverter that
makes 220 volts AC from the batteries to run your appliances,
- 4. Storage batteries which
store the excess power for use when the sun is weak or not available,
- 5. AC generators for
For electricity from the sun. You will
need one or
more Solar Panels, a Charger Controller, a Power Inverter, and of course,
The first component needed is one or more Solar Panels. They
electricity and charge the batteries. A very small system could get away with a
couple 80 watt panels but figure at least 4 to 8 for a small to medium system..
A Charge Controller. is needed to prevent overcharging of the batteries.
charging will prevent damage and increase the life and performance of the
The Power Inverter is the heart of the system. It makes 220
volts AC from the
12 volts DC stored in the batteries. It can also charge the batteries if
connected to a generator or the AC line.
Last are the storage Batteries. They store
electrical power in the form of a chemical reaction. Without storage you would
only have power when the sun was shining or the generator was running.
A Solar Power energy system can be used by anyone
to supply all
their electrical needs, provide back-up power, or even just as a supplement to
the normal electrical grid connection to a utility company. It is ideal for
remote locations where power is unavailable or too expensive to hook-up to.
Solar Panels The
tutorial will give you a simple explanation of this most basic electric power
generator for solar energy systems. Fixed, Adjustable, and Tracking type
mounting systems are also covered. Getting power from the sun's energy is not
only Free, but it's Fun to setup a solar energy system and be
your own utility company
Charge Controllers This device
necessary to protect the batteries from over charging and supply them with the
proper amount of energy to promote long battery life.
Power Inverters The
inverter converts your storage battery power into the 220 volts AC that runs
your appliances. It is the heart of your solar energy system. Unless you only
run 12 volt DC appliances you will need a power inverter to supply your AC.
Storage Batteries Without
Batteries to store energy you would only have power when the sun was shining or
the generator as running. Here we discuss 4 major categories
of batteries for solar power systems. The batteries in your
system are very important. The care & feeding section of this tutorial is a
must read to ensure long battery life and good performance.
AC Generators Even the largest Solar Energy
not have enough power for many consecutive days of no sun. The AC Generator
tutorial will tell you what size generator you'll need